Assessment is the process of gathering information from a variety of sources (including assignments, quizzes, projects, performance tasks, teacher observation, and tests) that accurately reflect how well students are achieving the curriculum expectations in a course or subject. As an ongoing effort, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback necessary for improvement. Assessments are planned, purposeful, and explicitly designed to promote learning. Therefore, it is the expectation that every student will improve as teachers use authentic assessments to advance the quality of instruction in every classroom.
Data analysis is about examining student data in detail and draw conclusions to enhance teaching and learning in every classroom.
Analysis of assessment data is to support and validate the quality of instruction, assessments, and learning strengths and challenges.
Assessment data is used to make a stronger case to focus improvement efforts on the identified areas in need of improvement.
State and local assessment data over the course of years (data from the current and at least the two previous years) to identify patterns and provide appropriate interventions.